All about grafting
You may cultivate faster rare plants. Some cristates are livable or can be cultivate only when they are grafted. A plant that is sick on the root or foot may be still saved by grafting. Grafted plants flower faster and more abundandly than plants on their own root.
A more abundand bloom allows you to collect more seeds. A faster flowering results in better cultivation experiments. The generations follow one another more shortly so that you may see results faster. Some plants, like e.g.. some chlorophyl-less Gymnocaliciums can only live when they are grafted.
What kind of grafts do exist?
The most obliging is the low grafting because herwwith you can easily hide the understem. A high grafting is mainly applied for hanging plants. For thin plants a chink grafting is used regularly. And finally there is the oblique grafting.
When do we graft?
Grafting must be done at dry weather. May and June are the ideal months. A other important factor is that both the understem and the grafting should be growing well.
How do you do it?
Answering that would make this page unnecessarily long. We refer to some articles from our journal CVK 1989, p.42, 62 and 69 (in Dutch !). This very interesting series gives a detailed description about the procedure with drawings an a list of which understems may be used be for which plants. A must for each amateur who starts grafting. With a simple question those articles may be yours. Just send us an e-mail.
Which under-stems do you use?
The most used understems are:
- Harrisia jusbertii: makes the grafti flowering very well
- Trichocereus spachianus: best suitable for high grafting, cristates and permanent graftings
- Echinopsis hybriden en Pereskiopsis for young seedlings
- Trichocereus macrogonus for large plants as well as white Mammillarias
- Hylocereus is used a lot by the Japanese
Less used are: Trichocereus bridgesii, Myrtillocactus geometrizans, Corryocactus melanotrichus, Trichocereus lamprochlorus, Opuntia robusta, Trichocereus schickendantzii, Trichocereus courantii, Psuedolobivia kermesina, Echinopsis ritteri en Echinopsis frankii. This species is coming up strongly.
Do not graft just for grafting! Grafted plants look blown up oftenare unnatural big; they do not resemble anymore the plants found in nature. Besides the understem disfigures dreadfully. There is nothing as beautiful as plants on their own roots!